At a June summit in Whatcom County, WA, titled “Our Resilient Community: A Community Conversation on Resilience and Equity,” the arts played a starring role.
Kristi Slette, executive director of the Whatcom Family and Community Network, one of two Washington sites participating in the Mobilizing Action for Resilient Communities (MARC) project, says the arts—music, dance, sculpture, storytelling—can help audiences understand trauma, resilience and hope in a visceral way.
“When the research and the data don’t pull you in, interacting with the arts communicates with people in a way they’re open to,” she says. “It extends our reach.”
That’s why, during the one-day summit, organizers asked attendees to list on a giant poster the “songs that get them through a hard day.” It’s the reason they hired a graphic recorder to capture not only the words but the emotional tone of conversations about trauma, strength, and forgiveness. And it’s the reason participants were invited to listen closely to each other and write down, verbatim, fragments of dialogue that struck home.
At the end, summit facilitators gathered those fragments into a poem.
“The arts are social languages of connection,” Slette says. “And we ended the day with that poem, with all the things we had created together.”
Communities across the country, from Alaska to Philadelphia, are inviting artists into the conversation and weaving the arts into their resilience-building work. At the Johnson County Mental Health Center, part of Resilient KC in Kansas City, a group of young adults developed a mural about recovery and feeling safe in nature; the finished work will rotate among different Johnson County libraries.
The Alaska Children’s Trust, which leads the Alaska Resilience Initiative, has sponsored plays with themes of trauma, violence and recovery; the productions included audience discussions and “healing sessions” to foster dialogue on those fraught topics.
In another Alaska project, the Hiland Mountain Lullaby Project, professional musicians work with incarcerated women to write and record lullabies for their children—work that has direct impact on the disrupted attachment that occurs when kids have a parent in prison.
“We know that parental incarceration is an adverse childhood experience, and we have a higher incidence of it than other states,” says Laura Avellaneda-Cruz, program director of the Alaska Resilience Initiative. “Anything we can do to increase bonding for incarcerated children and parents is powerful.”
And in Philadelphia, home to the Porch Light program that aims to foster community wellness through public art—and that inspired Johnson County’s recovery mural—member organizations of the ACE Task Force use digital storytelling, neighborhood photo booths, mural arts and music to foster connection, advocate for change and create job opportunities for young people and adults.
“Making art is going to lower your cortisol level,” says Michael O’Bryan, an artist, educator and activist with The Village of Arts and Humanities who co-chairs the ACE Task Force’s work group on community education. When people work together—creating a community mural or an original song—they build understanding and trust, O’Bryan says. And that, in turn, can lead to individual and community transformation.
Art-making can “get people involved in places where they feel comfortable enough to make mistakes, to adopt new behaviors and to strengthen their skills,” he says. “The arts have an uncanny opportunity to change our world.”
Artists and MARC leaders say they’ve learned some important lessons from their work together. Trevor Storrs, executive director of the Alaska Children’s Trust, says the strongest collaborations grow from relationships; pay attention to local artists, he advises, and seek out those whose work speaks to themes of adversity and struggle, healing and hope.
O’Bryan notes that artistic collaborations need to be a two-way street—that artists need thorough grounding in the science of ACEs and resilience, as well as the willingness to learn from the communities in which they’re based.
ACEs refers to the CDC-Kaiser Permanente Adverse Childhood Experiences Study and subsequent surveys that show that most people in the U.S. have at least one ACE, and that people with an accumulation of childhood adversities — including divorce, racism, living with an alcoholic parent, and physical abuse — have a higher risk of adult onset of chronic health problems such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, suicide, and alcoholism. The ACE Study is part of ACEs science, which also includes the how toxic stress from ACEs damages children’s developing brains, has dire health consequences for children and adults (autoimmune diseases, cancer, heart disease and other chronic illness), can be passed on from generation to generation, and — the good news — can be healed by resilience-building practices, which range from therapy to integrating trauma-informed and resilience-building practices in schools, courts, and health care.
Artists also need to pay their bills, says Avellaneda-Cruz, so sponsorships from MARC networks can help make it possible for them to participate and for their work to reach larger audiences. The Alaska Children’s Trust has provided stipends for non-salaried individuals—including artists, elders and other community members—to attend gatherings of the Alaska Resilience Initiative.
Slette, of Whatcom County, said that incorporating the arts into the work of resilience means “you’ve got to give space for the unexpected.” And while some participants may squirm at the idea of writing a poem or singing a song, that temporary unease can also be part of the healing process.
“You want to have the right balance,” she says. “You don’t necessarily want to make everybody have to pick up an instrument and dance. But we think it’s in those spaces of discomfort where growth happens.”
“The Connection Between Art, Healing, and Public Health: A Review of Current Literature” (American Journal of Public Health, 2010). This literature review by Heather L. Stuckey and Jeremy Nobel explores “the relationship between engagement with the creative arts and health outcomes, specifically the health effects of music engagement, visual arts therapy, movement-based creative expression, and expressive writing.”
These organizations use peer support and the arts to overcome adversity:
Poetry for Personal Power
Heal Write Now
Airings…Voices of our Youth explores of the pressures young people face in the formative years of middle and high school. Airings was created by more than 20 teenagers from the Bellingham and Mount Baker School Districts (WA), the staff from those districts, the Whatcom Family and Community Network, and faculty at Western Washington University’s Psychology Department. The power of Airings lies in the true stories of these young people expressing THEIR thoughts and THEIR feelings in THEIR words. Airings performed seven time at the Firehouse Performing Arts Center November 3-12, 2016. School-based performances are now underway and a companion educators’ guide is available for free on the website.
The MARC Shared Learnings series is currently exploring the unconventional partnerships that lend power to ACE & resilience networks. In this piece, we take a closer look at how communities are engaging artists.
Read about other partnerships in the series, including:
Business Leaders in the ACE and Resilience Movement: A Different Kind of Bottom Line
First Responders in the ACE and Resilience Movement: Addressing Secondary Trauma and Building Community
Youth Leadership in the ACE and Resilience Movement
They began with a song and ended with a poem. In-between, there were photographs and giant graphic renderings, movement exercises and a “human pulse” formed when 90 people stood in a circle and squeezed each other’s hands.